Pakalōlō Breeding Terminology
With the recent release of our Af-Duck F-2 Hanauna (Generation) & our upcoming Hawaiian Bloodline Bx2 Seed Drop — we thought it would be cool to drop some sativa science, in regards to Pakalōlō Breeding Terminology.
Plant Breeding is defined as:
“Plant breeding is the purposeful manipulation of plant species in order to create desired genotypes and phenotypes for specific purposes.”
Whether your purpose for plant breeding is to preserve an old line like: Maui Wowie, Kona Gold or Kaua’i Electric — or to create a new hybrid like: Maui Mango Diesel (Maui Wowie x Brooklyn Mango), Caramel Kona Coffee Kush (Kona Gold x Caramel Kush) or GDP Electric (Kaua’i Electric x Grandaddy Purpz) — a basic understanding of Pakalōlō Breeding Terminology is crucial Mana’o (Knowledge) for new, up & coming breeders & old school heads alike.
Landrace, Heirloom & IBL: In-Bred Line
Landrace and Heirloom strains are In-Bred Lines or IBL.
A landrace line has been in-bred, without exposure to other lines, for so long; that there are very few phenotype variations found in the species. A landrace strain will display a low level of Genetic Variation & will produce seeds with Keiki (Offspring) that closely resemble the previous parental Hanauna (Generation).
The definition of a Landrace is:
“A landrace is a domesticated, locally adapted, traditional variety of a species of animal or plant that has developed over time, through adaptation to its natural and cultural environment of agriculture and pastoralism, and due to isolation from other populations of the species.”
An Heirloom is a strain that is passed down for many Hanauna (Generations).
An Heirloom strain may or may not be Landrace — as a Hybrid line could be passed down in Heirloom fashion — though, after many a season of breeding, an Heirloom Hybrid will display a moderately low level of Genetic variation, producing stable phenotypes.
Old school varieties, like Blue Hawaiian Sativa, are considered Heirloom — though not necessarily Landrace — as they have been passed down since the 1970’s, as an Heirloom, but may have originally been the product of an old school Hawaiian Sativa x an early D.J. Short Blueberry. Mo’ testing is required to understand the true lineage of Blue Hawaiian Sativa. We do know one thing about Blue Hawaiian — she is a special Wahine (Female).
‘Ohana (Family) Heirloom Pakalōlō (Cannabis) is the essence of what makes Hawaiian Pakalōlō so special. Hawaiian Pakalōlō varieties have been passed down through our ‘Ohana (Family) for many Hanauna (Generations).
Our HI Cannabis Collective is named in homage to this process of passing Pakalōlō plants on for future Hanauna (Generations) to enjoy:
Pua Mana ‘Ohana = Flower Power Family
Mana (Spiritual Power)
Filial Generations: F-1, F-2, F-3
The initial cross of two different plants is called the F-1 Hanauna (Generation). F stands for Filial — denoting the generation (F-1) or generations (F-2, F-3, ect.) after the parental generation.
The original parents are carefully selected to reflect the goals of the breeding project.
When our Genetic Specialists were choosing parents for our Maui Mango Diesel breeding project — a powerful Kane (Male) Maui Wowie was chosen from our Nāhiku ‘Ohana (Family) line to produce pollen.
Next, we selected a Brooklyn Mango phenotype that reeked of ripe mango, all the while retaining a healthy dose of diesel fire from her NYC Diesel heritage, to breed with our Maui Wowie Kane (Male).
The results are absolutely outstanding — as Maui Mango Diesel tastes, smells & feels exactly like she sounds:
Maui, Mango & Diesel.
When breeding two F-1 plants together, the Keiki (Offspring) will then be called F-2.
The breeder will have the opportunity to choose phenotypes from a broad spectrum ranging between the two original parents to continue the line to the F-2 Hanauna (Generation).
When our Genetic Specialists created Godzilla Glue #44 (by crossing Kona Gold with Herban Tribe GG#4), we were seeking to enhance the yield of the super potent High Times Cannabis Cup award winning GG#4 — without sacrificing the high THC levels — all the while blessing her Keiki (Offspring) with tremendous tropical terpenes.
Kona Gold was a natural choice, with high THC levels in the %20 range to breed with GG#4 testing in at over %30 THC!
Mission accomplished — as our F-1 & F-2 Hanauna (Generations) of Godzilla Glue #44 produced phenomenal phenotypes — some testing in at over %30 THC, with massive size increases, due to her Kona Gold Hawaiian Sativa heritage.
The subsequent Hanauna (Generations) will then be F-3, F-4, F-5, F-6, F-7…continuing on to F-10 & beyond — if a breeder chooses to keep going with Filial Hanauna (Generations) prior to backcrossing for stabilization.
Backcrosses: Bx1, Bx2, Bx3
Bx is Pakalōlō Breeding Terminology for “Backcross“.
A backcross is when a Keiki (Offspring), with desirable traits, similar to its parents, is bred back into the Makuahine (Mother) or Makuakane (Father).
Plants are backcrossed in order to isolate specific traits, such as the unique “Blood” trait found in our Hawaiian Bloodline.
A line can be backcrossed to stabilize a strain, once a desired phenotype variation is found.
Backcrossing is also a good way to maintain a stable THC or CBD level. Once a phenotype with the desired levels is found — future Hanauna (Generations) can be tested to find a match — and then backcrossed into the original to produce seeds with similar THC & CBD levels.
The same can be said for desirable terpene profiles. A strain can be backcrossed to isolate a unique terpene profile.
Our Godzilla Bx2 da Glue project is a backcross of Godzilla Glue #44 F-2 Hanauna (Generation) — with soaring, sky-high THC levels — into her %30 plus THC Makuahine (Mother), GG#4, in order to create a stable, mega-high THC line of Godzilla Glue #44 with seeds that will all reflect the lava hot levels that are making Godzilla Glue an underground phenomenon.
Godzilla Bx2 da Glue is coming soon to a Genetics Library near you…
S-1 Feminization or Self Pollination
S-1 is Pakalōlō Breeding Terminology for the 1st Feminized Filial Hanauna (Generation).
A Wahine (Female) Pakalōlō plant can produce its own seeds without a Kane (Male) present to produce pollen, through a process called “Feminization“.
Also known as “Selfing” — S-1, or Feminized varieties are a direct result of a plant breeding with itself.
Self Pollination can be induced through a variety of methods: from spraying with colloidal silver, gibberellic acid or proprietor blends meant to create a hormonal change that makes a Wahine (Female) plant produce Kane (Male) pollen.
Pollen from Self-ed plants can then be harvested & utilized to pollinate clones of the original Makuahine (Mother).
S-1 seeds are on average %99 Wahine (Female) or Feminized.
Subsequent backcrossing of Feminized varieties are the S-2, S-3, S-4, S-5 Hanauna (Generations).
Clone-only Wāhine (Females) like ’98 Aloha White Widow Dirty Widz & Candy Widz phenotypes, with no Kane (Male) counterpart, can produce S-1 seeds through the process of feminization described above.
If you are interested in talking story about preserving & breeding Hawaiian Pakalōlō feel free to contact us @:
Our Genetic Specialists are on call to reply to your email inquiries & answer questions.
With so many old school, landrace varieties of Pakalōlō disappearing before our eyes — it is mo’ important than ever to preserve what we have left of this magical, medicinal plant by making mo’ ‘Ano ‘Ano (Seeds).
Mahalo nui loa (Thank you very much) for representing Pua Mana ‘Ohana and for choosing Hawaiian Genetics for your Garden
Aloha a hui hou
Pua Mana ‘Ohana
~ Pua Mana ‘Ohana and Pua Mana 1st Hawaiian Pakalōlō Seed Bank release our rare endangered Hawaiian Pakalōlō Genetics for souvenir and preservation purposes — Mahalo ~